By Zach Schalk
July 06, 2010 12:05 p.m. EDT
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention released the National Center for Juvenile Justice’s report analyzing Juvenile Court Statistics from 2006-7, along with four fact sheets compiled by the OJJDP. John Kelly of Youth Today points out a few interesting findings:
These figures piqued the interest of JJ Today:
-Waivers to adult court are down markedly from their peak in 1994, and black juveniles now make up a smaller proportion of those being transferred. Forty-four percent of the 13,100 juveniles transferred in 1994 were black; 37 percent of the 8,500 juveniles waived to adult court in 2007 were black. Important to note, though, that waivers only count decisions by judges to move a juvenile to adult court. These statistics contain no information on the racial proportions of juveniles directly transferred by statute or prosecutorial discretion.
-From 2003 to 2007, juvenile arrests for robbery went up 35 percent. Juvenile court cases for robbery were up 45 percent in that time. Those statistics, and a 5 percent increase in criminal homicide cases, drove a 13 percent spike in violent crime cases involving juveniles during the same period.
-Simple assault cases declined 4 percent between 2003 and 2007, but the long-term increase in the use of that charge is staggering. In 1985 juvenile courts saw 3.8 cases of simple assault for every 1,000 youth between the ages 10 and 18. By 2007? The rate was 8.8 per 1,000.